Most common lung diseases in women

Lung diseases are the problems that affect the lungs, which is an organ that makes us to breathe. Breathing problems that are due to lung disease don’t allow the body to get enough oxygen that is must for a healthy body. There are different types of lung diseases and shocking but the truth is that, it is major concern for women. Here given is the list of lung diseases that affect mainly women:

Asthma- Asthma is a chronic issue of the airways in the lungs known as bronchial tubes. Such tubes do the task of carrying air into and also out of the lungs. People who are asthmatic, the wall of airways swell and become oversensitive. So, patients become sensitive to air pollution, smoke, mold and some of the chemical sprays. Allergens are also responsible for causing asthma. Respiratory infections like cold are also responsible for infections. When the airways overreact, then it results in narrowing. Such condition ends with the restricted air flow into and out of the lungs and so patient feels difficulty in breathing. Common symptoms for the same include coughing, wheezing and tightness in chest. Usually young women are caught with the issue and smoking or tobacco breathing is believed to be the highly responsible for problem.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease– COPD that is the short form of the disease chronic obstructive bronchitis and emphysema. Due to health problem both the conditions takes place together. As a result of issue the airflow goes limited into and out of the lungs and one is not able to breathe properly due to same. If the condition is left untreated then it can end with more chronic issue. Patient of COPD have inflamed bronchial tubes and so can’t able to carry air flow properly. This irritation ends with cell growth that makes mucus. Extra mucus gives way to coughing and with the passing of time; the irritation gives Lung-Damage-inCOPDway to thickening of airways and results in scars. Not only this but also thickened walls restrict the air flow and patient feels difficulty in breathing, this is a condition what is known as chronic constructive bronchitis. Patients with emphysema have weak lung tissues and at the same time walls of air sacs break down. Usually oxygen from the air goes into the blood by air sac walls. Emphysema patient have ruined air sac walls and so very less oxygen pass into the blood and results in shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing.

Lung Cancer– Lung cancer is a disease where abnormal lung cells grow and multiply immediately. Such cancerous cells can even invade nearby tissues and reaches to other parts of the body. The main two types of lung cancer named as the cells looked under the microscope and these are:

  • Small cell lung cancer- This is a kind of lung cancer which spreads quickly.
  • Non-small cell lung cancer- It is a term used for various lung cancers. Usually many lung cancers tend to spread more slowly compared to the small cell lung cancer.

 

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